Looking for home remedies for malaria? Malaria is a serious, yet common disease that causes high fever, chills and shivering. One can get infected from a bite by an Anopheles mosquito.
Malaria is one of the deadliest and life-threatening diseases in the world. It mostly affects the people in the tropical and subtropical part of the world and causes about 500,000 deaths per year. Weak immune system and unhealthy surroundings make more people prone to contracting this deadly disease.
Commonly found in South America, Central America, Southern Asia and Africa, people with lower immunity, children and elderly people are at greater risk of malaria. Early diagnoses and anti-malaria can help to treat it effectively.
What is malaria?
Malaria was once believed to be caused by bad air, which is why it was coined from the Italian word ‘mala aria,’ which means ‘bad air.’ But malaria is really caused by a protozoan parasite carried by Anopheles mosquito.
These Anopheles mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, from where they contract the protozoan parasite and spread it to human through biting. When protozoan enters the body, the parasite grows in the liver for a few days and then enters the bloodstream to attack the red blood cells.
Research showed that the parasite and mosquito breed in a warm climate. Hence people living in tropical parts of the world are more susceptible to malaria.
Here are the facts about malaria:
- Studies showed that three species of Anopheles mosquito are responsible for spreading the infection.
- Malaria has been eliminated in the United States since the 1950s. However, about 2,000 cases are reported every year, majorly by people who have traveled to a tropical country recently.
- Over three billion people from 106 countries are at risk of malaria.
- When a pregnant woman contracts malaria, the birth weight of the baby can be decreased, reducing the chance of survival.
- Several diagnostic tools used by an experienced pathologist or laboratory technician can help differentiate the type of Anopheles mosquito causing the infection to treat it appropriately by the doctor.
What causes malaria?
Malaria is a parasitic disease involving shaking chills, anemia, flu-like symptoms and high fever. It is caused by a protozoan parasite known as Plasmodium. Research has recognized five species of this parasite. Here they are:
- Plasmodium malaria – predominant worldwide
- Plasmodium ovale – predominant in western Pacific and West Africa
- Plasmodium knowlesi – predominant in Southeast Asia
- Plasmodium vivax – predominant in Latin America, Asia and a few Africa regions
- Plasmodium falciparum – predominant in Africa
Types of malaria and symptoms
There are two types of malaria, based on the severity of the infection – severe (complicated) and uncomplicated.
Severe or complicated malaria is when the infection has spread to many organs and causing organ failure, along with more serious symptoms. Some of the symptoms of severe malaria include:
- Kidney failure
- Severe anemia
- Abnormalities in the blood coagulation process
- Metabolic acidoses
- Low blood pressure
- Cerebral malaria – coma, seizure and other neurological abnormalities
This malaria infection consists of the cold stage (chills and shivering), the hot stage (fever) and the sweating stage (sweating and tiredness). The attack typically lasts for 6 to 10 hours and repeats on the second day when the attack is caused by P. Ovale, P. vivax and P. Falciparum parasites. These are called ‘tertian’ parasites.
The P. Maleriae is known as ‘quartan’ parasite, and this malarial attack repeats every third day during this type of infection.
Some of the symptoms of uncomplicated malaria are:
- Loss of appetite
- Joint pain
- Body pains
- Nausea and vomiting
You need to treat malaria immediately, as its sight makes most of us panic. Using the right combination of the prescribed medicine or home remedies can help cure the disease.
Possible malaria complications
The advent of advanced medication as made malaria preventable and curable, but if it is not diagnosed and treated quickly, it can lead to serious health complications including:
- Brain infection
- Kidney failure
- The parasite can create different types of complications in the body
- Liver failure
- Hemolytic anemia – blood cells destruction
- Hemorrhage – spleen rupture leading to heavy internal bleeding
- Pulmonary Edema – fluid in the lungs caused by respiratory failure
Transmission of malaria
Human beings can be infected by malaria parasite if the female mosquito or Anopheles mosquito transmits it while sucking human blood. Male mosquitoes can never transmit malaria as only female mosquitoes are the carrier.
The parasites are mixed with the saliva of the infected mosquito and are passed on to the host – human beings. Because the parasite lives in the red blood cells, it can be transmitted from one person to another through shared syringes and needles, organ transplant or blood transfusion.
It can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her child during delivery. This is known as congenital malaria. Malaria cannot be transmitted through sneeze or cough because it is not an airborne disease.
Prevention of malaria
People that are living in regions where malaria are commonly found usually develop immunity to the disease, but visitors to the regions have no immunity and need to take preventive medications.
If you are traveling overseas or region where malaria is predominant, see your doctor for preventive medications. Treatment may start two weeks before your trip. Anyone living in regions that are prone to malaria should use mosquito nets, creams, repellent and wear protective clothing to cover their legs and arms.
You can also keep away mosquitoes by planting certain mosquito repellent plants in your garden.
Natural home remedies for malaria
Malaria can be treated and prevented with both medicine and natural home remedies for malaria. Here are some of the natural home remedies for malaria:
1. Apple cider vinegar for malaria
Apple cider vinegar is known for its ability to reduce fever. Here is what you need;
- ½ cup apple cider vinegar
- 2 soft cloths or tea towels
- 3-3 glasses water
- Dilute the apple cider vinegar with water and soak the 2 soft cloths or tea towels in it
- Place on the calves for 10 to 12 minutes
This will help you during the fever stage of the malaria attack.
2. Orange juice
When it comes to boosting your immune system, you need vitamin C. A strong immunity is necessary to combat diseases caused y infection including malaria. If you have malaria, it is recommended to consume orange.
Not only will the fresh orange juice keep you hydrated, but it will also speed up your recovery process. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, which is important to maintain overall health. If you incorporate foods rich in vitamin C in your diet, you may be less susceptible to developing symptoms related to malaria.
You need to drink orange juice in between your meals. Having 2 to 3 glasses of fresh orange juice every day can keep malaria away from you.
Not many people know that cinnamon contains jaw-dropping antiparasitic properties. This spice is rich in an organic component known as cinnamaldehyde. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties that are essential to neutralize pain that malaria usually brings.
Cinnamon is a popular home remedy for malaria and can be used to treat symptoms associated with fever and diarrhea. To combat malaria with cinnamon, prepare fresh cinnamon tea and drink it until you recuperate.
- 1 teaspoon coarse cinnamon powder
- A glass of water
- 1 teaspoon honey
- A pinch of pepper powder
- Boil the cinnamon powder and pepper powder in the water for a few minutes
- Strain it and add honey
- Mix it well and drink
You can drink it once or twice a day.
Ginger is an excellent home remedy to treat malaria. The powerful ingredient called gingerol is present in it as it provides antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. These properties make ginger an ideal and safe home remedy for malaria.
In fact, ginger is important to sip ginger tea in the morning. It is good to relieve malaria and boost your immune system.
- 1-inch piece of ginger
- 1-1½ cups of water
- Chop and boil ginger in water for a few minutes.
- Strain it and drink it once it cools down a bit. If you like, you can add some honey to taste.
Sip 1 to 2 cups of it every day.
5. Holy basil
Not many people know that holy basil can help alleviate symptoms related to malaria. Research showed that holy basil is rich in eugenol, which contains therapeutic properties needed to fight infectious bacteria. Every part of holy basil is good for Ayurvedic remedies used to cure health ailments including malaria.
You can drink herbal tea made with its leaves to combat malaria and other health ailments.
- 12 to 15 holy basil leaves
- ½ teaspoon black pepper powder
- Crush the leaves and press on a sieve to separate its juice
- Add the black pepper powder to the juice and mix well
- Consume it
During the initial stage of malaria, drink its juice thrice a day.
6. Lime or lemon juice
Consuming lime juice or fresh lemon is a great way to treat malaria. Not just that; it is also packed with vitamin C which is good for health and to boost immunity. This citrus fruit helps in the healing process and also prevents the spread of the infection.
It can help you relieve nausea. Squeeze a few drops in a glass of water for instant relief. But if you have a high fever, consult your doctor.
7. Fever nut
Fever nut is an excellent herb to treat malaria. It can help reduce high body temperature in a very short time. If you want to treat fever effectively, you can opt for fever nut without fearing any side effect.
- 3 gms fever nut seeds
- A cup of water
You should consume these seeds 2 hours before the expected onset of fever and an hour after it. Repeat the same before and after every malaria attack.
8. Grapefruit juice
Grapefruit juice is an immune-boosting fruit. It contains active substances, which destroy parasites that contribute to malaria. Not only is grapefruit good for your health, but also allows your body to recover from malaria quickly. Its antioxidant properties help boost the immune system to protect you against disease-causing bacteria.
- ¼ grapefruit
- Boil the grapefruit
- Strain the pulp and drink
Drink this every day.
9. Warm water therapy
Never overlook the significance of water. Drinking warm water can help relief malaria. When you drink warm water, it will regulate your bowel movements and diarrhea that comes with the health ailment. It can also help neutralize internal inflammation too.
Drinking 6-8 glasses of warm water every day can help speed up recovery from malaria. But you may still need to visit a health care provider to prevent adverse effects on your health.
10. Strawberries and other berries
Strawberries can also help when it comes to treating malaria. Just be sure that you are munching on some fresh berries regularly. The presence of antioxidants and several enzymes that can help ward off parasites in strawberries make them a perfect home remedy.
The best thing about strawberries is that they have no health side effects. They are also filled with various nutrients and can help you recover from malaria quickly.
Chamomile is another excellent natural home remedy for malaria. You will be amazed that chamomile can help you relieve malaria symptoms like nausea, chills and fever. It has powerful substances and medicinal properties. If you are suffering from malaria, you can sip chamomile tea to speed up your recovery process.
12. Fenugreek seeds
Loaded with antibiotic qualities, fenugreek seeds are excellent malaria remedies. If you are suffering from malaria, incorporate the seeds into your diet. You can also dilute its powder in water and drink. Just make sure you are consuming it until you are completely healed.
If you feel nauseated after consuming this, stop drinking it and see a doctor immediately.
- 5 gms fenugreek seeds
- A glass of water
Soak the seed in water overnight and sip on an empty stomach in the morning.
You can do this every day until your malaria is alleviated.
13. Artemisia annua
Also known as sweet wormwood, Artemisia annua is one of the most effective natural remedies for malaria. Steep it in cold water and drink it directly for optimum results.
You have to roast alum and powder it. Consume half a teaspoon of powdered alum 4 hours before the expected attack and half a teaspoon after 2 hours of the attack to help relieve malaria.
An inch-sized piece of alum
- Roast the alum on a hot plate and power it
- Consume half a teaspoon before the expected attack
- Consume half a teaspoon every 2 hours after the attack
Known for its health benefits, chirayta is an effective herb to treat malaria fevers. It lowers body temperature and combats malaria quickly.
- 15 gms chirayta herb
- 2 cloves
- 250 ml hot water
- 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder
- Prepare an infusion by steeping chirayta in hot water along with the cinnamon powder and cloves. Allow it to sit for 2 to 3 minutes
- Strain the mixture and sip 3 tablespoons of it. Repeat it 4 to 5 times a day
16. Citrus limetta fruit
This Hindi citrus fruit is packed with minerals, vitamins and antioxidant compounds that may help speed up the healing process. It is not only the powerhouse of vitamin C but also easily digestible and offers lots of health benefits.
Citrus limetta (sweet lime)
Extract fresh fruit juice from citrus limetta and drink directly. Sip 2 glasses of it every day.
Turmeric is a spice with antimicrobial and anti-oxidant properties. It helps flush out harmful toxins from the body and kill the malaria parasite. Its anti-inflammatory properties can also help reduce joint and muscle pain caused by malaria. Sip a glass of turmeric milk every night.
- 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
- 1 glass of warm milk
- Add turmeric to the milk and mix the two well
- Drink it before you sleep in the night
You can consume it every night.
18. Mustard seed oil
Studies showed that mustard oil, especially the one from mustard seeds offers antimalaria properties. Incorporating this oil in your daily diet by using it as your cooking oil or stirring a teaspoon in your smoothie can help you fight infection efficiently.
19. Herbal teas
Research has shown that antioxidants in green tea can help boost your immune system while the tamarind also helps reduce fever.
- 1 bag of green tea
- A cup of hot water
- A small piece of tamarind
- Soak both tamarind and the green tea bag in hot water for a few minutes.
- Take out the bag and strain the tea and drink
Drink 2 cups every day.
This Indian herb is excellent when it comes to treating malaria. Its leaves are great at treating the tertian type of malaria fever.
- 2 to 3 freshly sprouted Datura leaves
- ½ teaspoon jaggery
- Rub the leaves into pills by rubbing with jaggery
- Take this two hours before the onset of the malaria fever
Consume this every day.
Please understand that none of the above natural home remedies for malaria is a substitute for medicine prescribed by a doctor. They will only relief you and boost your immunity against the possible future attack. Be sure to see your doctor.
The bottom line
There is no doubt that natural home remedies for malaria do not affect your health negatively. Malaria comes with pain and discomfort, which is why we have researched the most effective natural home remedies for treating malaria.
If malaria is not treated on time, it can become worse and affect your organs. If you have a high fever, be sure to consult your doctor.