25 Health problems during pregnancy: rare pregnancy complications and solutions




Everyone talks about the pregnancy glows and the miracle of childbirth, but not many talks about health problems during pregnancy or rare pregnancy complications and solutions.

 

The body of a woman goes through a lot during pregnancy, and while the body of a female is built to handle a miraculous event, it is never a comfortable experience to go through. In fact, healthy women also experience health problems during pregnancy.

 

While most pregnancy health problems are common and experienced by expectant mothers, it’s important to keep your doctor updated on any change you experience.

 

Common health problems during pregnancy and solutions

There is nothing that can beat the joy of giving birth to a beautiful baby, but there are a few things to look out for during pregnancy. Here are a few of them:

 

Constipation

1. Constipation

Most pregnant women experience constipation because of the hormonal changes that make digestion much slower. As the baby begins to grow, the digestion system will have less space to function at its best.

 

Solution

Eat more fiber-rich foods such as vegetables, whole grains and fruits. Drink a lot of water too, but if you feel a lot of discomforts even after this, see your doctor. Don’t take any medication on your own to avoid contractions.

 

When to worry

Although constipation is not something that can cause big complications to pregnancy, it can lead to fecal impaction in some cases.

 

Natural home remedies for heartburn / how to get rid of heartburn fast

2. Heartburn

Heartburn is caused by hormonal and physical changes the body undergoes during pregnancy. If you experience heartburn, there are solutions to it.

 

Solution

Avoid any food that can upset your stomach and try to eat smaller but more frequent meals with plenty of water in between. Try to also sleep propped up rather than flat. It also makes sense to eat the last meal three hours before going to bed.

 

When to worry

Although heartburn may cause a lot of discomfort during pregnancy, it usually doesn’t cause major health problems.

 

Morning sickness

3. Morning sickness

One of the most common early pregnancy problems is morning sickness. It can happen at any time of the day and unfortunately, some women experience it throughout the pregnancy. Morning sickness symptoms include vomiting and nausea.

 

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Solution

Drink lots of water and be sure to drink it half an hour before or after your meals and also get lots of rest. Don’t drink anything during meals.

 

When to worry

Though morning sickness is not harmful to you or your baby, you should always be well hydrated and inform your doctor if you’re vomiting excessively.

 

Vaginal discharge

4. Vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge during pregnancy is called Leukorrhea and it is completely normal. In fact, it’s one of the first visual signs of pregnancy. This type of discharge is white, milky and thin and has a very mild smell.

 

Solution

If you are not feeling comfortable with the discharge, use party-liners as it will allow you to feel cleaner, though you can’t do anything about the discharge. Don’t use tampons as they can carry infections into your body and put your baby at risk.

 

When to worry

If the discharge is green or yellow and smells really strongly, you need to see your doctor. It may be risky if it’s accompanied by redness or itching as that may be the sign of a vaginal infection. Spotting discharge may not always be an issue, but you need to mention it to your doctor.

 

25 Health problems during pregnancy: rare pregnancy complications and solutions

5. Headache and migraine

During pregnancy, hormonal changes may cause lots of unnecessary issues for you, but in the case of migraines, it’s not only hormonal changes but also a combination of several other factors that contribute to it.

 

For instance, if you’re overly stressed and not sleeping and eating properly, you are more likely to develop migraines.

 

Solution

The best way to deal with these issues is to avoid them by eating well, drinking lots of water and resting well. Many migraine medications have been linked to birth defects in babies, so it is best to avoid medication and focus on prevention.

 

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When to worry

If your headache is accompanied by a fever and your vision begins to become blurry, you should see your doctor. In fact, it is best to see your doctor if your headache persists for more than a few hours because it could be something entirely different from what you think it is.

 

25 Health problems during pregnancy: rare pregnancy complications and solutions

6. Insomnia

With a constant need to pee, bloating and leg cramps, it is no wonder that pregnant women have problem sleeping. About 8 out of 10 women experience insomnia during pregnancy.

 

Solution

It makes sense to get yourself into a soothing routine like enjoying a relaxing skincare routine and taking a warm bath before bed.

 

You could also choose to read a good book or listen to calming music that can help you fall asleep peacefully. Be sure to keep your bedroom dark and cozy so that it gives you nice vibes to sleep.

 

If you are yet to fall asleep after 20 minutes, go to another room. Try to do something that makes you feel drowsy to give sleep another shot.

 

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Daily exercise will also be helpful as it will help you tire out. Just be sure not to exercise immediately before bed as it can keep you awake rather than help you fall asleep.

 

When to worry

Insomnia is not harmful to you and your baby, but it is good to get proper rest. You need to let go of anything troubling you.

 

25 Health problems during pregnancy: rare pregnancy complications and solutions

7. Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums are caused by hormones that make mucus membrane swell up and sinuses worse.

 

Solution

The best solution here is to see a dentist and be sure to tell them you are pregnant in order to avoid giving you anything that may harm your baby. Cut sweet stuff out of your diet and improve your eating habit.

 

Be sure that you have the required amount of calcium you need at a time because it is important for you and your baby. Brush your teeth at the required time and ask your dentist to prescribe a gentle alcohol-free mouthwash for you.

 

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When to worry

Though it’s normal to experience some soreness in your gums, you should be concerned if your gums are bright red and make your toothbrush look like it has been stained pink. It could be a sign of gingivitis, which is not harmful by itself, but could lead to periodontitis.

 

White stretch marks: natural remedies for stretch marks

8. Stretch marks

Stretch marks are caused by changes in the elastic supportive tissue that lies under your skin. At first, they look reddish-brown, dark brown or purple but later fade away to faint pale marks.

 

Solution

There are no actual ways to stop stretch marks from occurring. You only need to avoid gaining more than the recommended weight during each stage of pregnancy.

 

Try to make them fade as soon as they show up. Applying the prescribed ointment when they are still purple or red will help you a lot. Don’t wait until after birth.

 

When to Worry

You don’t have to worry about stretch marks during pregnancy.

 

9. Urinary inconsistency

Have you been peeing a little without meaning? Join the pregnancy club. The urinary inconsistence experienced by pregnant women is usually a result of stress inconsistency, sometimes caused by the increased pressure on the bladder. It especially causes pregnancy discomfort at 35 weeks.

 

Solution

Time voiding, where you keep track of leakage and bathroom visit accordingly, and bladder training, where you stretch out the time by waiting at least 5 minutes before relieving yourself, are the best ways to treat this condition. They have no side effects as they only help you to gain more control over your bladder.

 

Another way to control urinary inconsistency is Kegel Exercises, which strengthen and tighten the muscles in the pelvic floor.

 

When to worry

Six weeks after delivery, if you are still experiencing inconsistency, see your doctor to deal with it as soon as possible because it may be the indication of another medical issue.

 

10. High blood pressure

Known as hypertension, high blood pressure is a serious issue for some women. In most cases, it is not serious but there are times when it causes more serious health issues for mother and child.

 

Solution

Be sure you are getting plenty of exercises and a healthy diet. In fact, you can eat on budget. Indulging in some stress-busting activities will be beneficial. Whether it is taking a walk or reading a book, stress-busting activities can help reduce the impact of stress on your blood pressure.

 

Talk to your doctor about the normal or recommended weight for you at different stages of pregnancy. It is important to keep a check on your weight because obesity is a major cause of hypertension.

 

If it is necessary o take medications, talk to your doctor first in order to be on a safer side.

 

When to worry

See your doctor if you have issues with your blood pressure to prevent it from leading to eclampsia.

 

11. Leg cramps

Nobody is sure why women have leg cramps during pregnancy, but some speculate that it is caused because of the extra weight you carry. These cramps most often occur at night, making sleeping really hard.

 

Solution

To reduce the cramp, stretch your legs. Although you can stretch your leg on the bed, it is more effective when you do it while standing. Standing on a cold surface or cold compresses can help ease your cramping.

 

When to worry

See your doctor if the pain refuses to go away or the area begins to become red and swollen. This may be due to a clot in the artery and will require medical attention.

 

12. Skin changes

All the hormonal changes caused by pregnancy lead to skin darkening and acne. Some women develop dark circles around their eyes during pregnancy.

 

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Solution

Rather than using medications, which may be harmful to your baby, talk to your doctor about it. Most of the time, all you need to do is to change your skincare routine a bit and use mild products.

 

When to worry

They are no cause for concern but can be frustrating.

 

25 Health problems during pregnancy: rare pregnancy complications and solutions

13. Backpain /backache

The shift in your center of gravity and extra weight make your muscle work harder and joints experience more pressure during pregnancy. All of these can cause backaches. Pressure on your nerves can also cause backaches.

 

Solution

You can simply exercise the pain away if your doctor has not said otherwise. Though you may be inclined towards lying down, that may cause more issues in the long run.

 

Try to fix your posture to push your shoulders back and your butt in. Always sit straight if you need to sit for long periods and don’t slouch. In fact, you shouldn’t be sitting for long; you may want to stretch your legs or go for a short walk.

 

In case you need to bend, bend from your knees and not waist to avoid putting pressure on your back.

 

When to worry

If it lasts for over 2 weeks or the backache is extremely severe and seems to get worse, contact your doctor immediately.

 

If you don’t have previous backaches and now develop it during the late stages of your second trimester or third trimester, you should be very careful because it may be the sign of preterm labor.

 

13. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels in the rectum and can be as little as a pea or as big as a grape. They may be painful and not comfortable, and there may be bleeding sometimes when you have a bowel movement.

 

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Solution

If you want to relieve your bowel, go ahead immediately. Don’t sit for longer than you need to avoid putting extra pressure on your rectum.

 

Try Kegel exercises and don’t stand or sit for long periods of time at a stretch. If you have hemorrhoids, try a cotton pad soaked in witch hazel solution.

 

When to worry

If you have tried home preservative treatments and methods and they don’t work and you experience severe bleeding or pain, get yourself checked because you will need medical help.

 

15. Leaking and itchy nipples

Your growing breasts are the cause of itching sensation, whereas the leaky breasts are caused by prolactin, the hormone that readies the body for nursing. Anything from showering to changing your clothes can result in unwanted leaks.

 

Solution

To prevent nipple itching, use a thick cream on your nipples. You can also use Shea Butter or vitamin C after a shower and avoid any fabrics that irritate you.

 

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When to worry

Itching nipples are not a cause for concern unless you notice rashes. If you notice blood or discharge from your nipples, talk to your doctor. It could be a sign of breast cancer, but it’s more often due to a bacterial infection.

 

16. Fatigue and lack of energy

Fatigue experienced by women in their trimester is caused due to hormonal changes, whereas the fatigue in the third is caused by the extra weight you carry and all the sleepless nights caused by other pregnancy problems.

 

Solution

If you’re fatigued, get some rest. You can even nap during the day but if not possible, be sure to get to bed earlier than you usually do.

 

If you are not able to rest well, you may need to rearrange your schedule. Eating a balanced meal will also do wonders for your energy level. Exercising earlier in the morning will also help you feel energized and make you sleep better at night.

 

When to worry

You don’t need to worry about fatigue with regards to your baby. You are the only one who’ll suffer from it.

 

17. Swelling

Also known as Edema, it is caused by excess fluids that get stuck in the tissues. Swelling is common because you retain more water during pregnancy. The growing uterus puts pressure on the vena cava and causes the blood to flow back to your legs, thereby causing the swelling.

 

Solution

Lie down on your side to relieve the pressure on your veins. Put your feet up as often as you can and don’t cross your legs or ankles when you sit down. Drink plenty of water and exercise regularly.

 

When to worry

If you notice swelling in your face, eyes puffiness and more than moderate swelling in the ankles and legs as well as your hands, you need to see your doctor.

 

18. Itching

Mild itching during pregnancy is normal. All the stretching and hormonal changes will cause itching in at least 20% of pregnant women.

 

Solution

Get some relieve by using a cold-press if you have itching that is driving you crazy. Try an oatmeal bath once in a while and take lukewarm instead of hot baths.

 

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To soothe your skin, use a fragrance-free body lotion after a shower. If you want a more cooling effect, store in the fridge.

 

When to worry

If your feet’s soles and palms are very itchy or you develop rashes, see your doctor. It could be a sign of a more serious health issue.

 

19. Breathing problems

The hormonal changes, especially progesterone, affect the lungs. In the later stages of your pregnancy, breathing may become more difficult because the growing uterus will put pressure on your diaphragm causing discomfort.

 

Solution

Don’t push yourself too hard whenever you are involved in active activities. Always take it easy. When in bed, use pillows to prop yourself up rather than lying flat. When you are sitting, be sure to keep your shoulders back and your back straight to allow your lungs to expand much better.

 

When to worry

If you experience sudden and severe shortness of breath, experience worsening asthma and feel faint or a racing heartbeat, get to the hospital or call someone to take you to hospital. If you notice a blue tinge in your lips, toes or fingers, you may be experiencing a severe shortage of oxygen and should get to the hospital as soon as possible.

 

20. Indigestion

During the first trimester, few pregnant women are spared, but indigestion will inevitably show up during the second or third trimester. This indigestion is caused by hormonal changes and the growing weight of the baby which is putting more weight on your intestines.

 

Solution

Have smaller meals at a go and be sure to eat a few hours before you go to bed. Eat slowly and don’t drink water during meals. Sleep propped up rather than lying flat. If indigestion persists, see your doctor for a safe prescription.

 

When to worry

Though indigestion can be an uncomfortable and painful experience, it is normal and not harmful to your baby.

 

21. Strange and weird dreams

Strange dreams are normal and common. They tend to happen because of the anxiety you are possibly experiencing because of your upcoming motherhood.

 

Solution

Try talking to a friend or your partner about it. In fact, you can write down your dreams in a journal.

 

When to worry

You don’t really need to worry about strange dreams, but if it seems to be stressing you out, talk to your doctor about it so that he can check if you have stress-related problems.

 

22. Anemia

During pregnancy, you may have a lower than the normal number of healthy red blood cells. This may cause you to look pale, feel faint, feel weak or tired and have shortness of breath.

 

Solution

It is important to treat the underlying cause of your anemia to restore the healthy red blood cells. Taking iron and folic acid supplements can help you restore healthy red blood cells. Talk to your doctor to check your iron level throughout pregnancy to avoid anemia.

 

When to worry

If you are experiencing too much shortness of breath, talk to your doctor.

 

23. Depression

You may experience extreme sadness during pregnancy or after birth. This may lead to intense sadness, appetite changes, irritability and helplessness and thoughts of harming self or baby.

 

Solution

Depression can affect the development of your baby. You may need the help of a therapist, support groups and may even need some medications. If you experience depression, talk to your doctor.

 

When to worry

Your depression can affect you and your baby. If you experience it, talk to your doctor.

 

24. Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is when your blood sugar level is too high during pregnancy. Usually, there are no symptoms but you may be experiencing extreme fatigue, hunger and thirst. It can be discovered through the screening test.

 

Solution

Eating healthy foods with the help of your doctor is the best way to control gestational diabetes. You may also need insulin to keep your blood sugar levels under control. Talk to your doctor for the best way to control your blood sugar.

 

When to worry

If you have gestational diabetes, you need to treat it to avoid having a big baby, which can cause a complicated delivery. Talk to your doctor if you have this diabetes.

 

 

25. Infections

Infections including STIs (sexually transmitted infections), may occur during pregnancy and/ or delivery and may lead to complications for both mother and baby even after delivery. Some infections can pass from mother to baby during delivery. You can prevent many of these infections with appropriate prenatal.

 

Solution

If you have an infection, talk to your doctor for the best treatment that will keep your baby safe.

 

When to worry

You should be worried if you have any infection because it can affect your baby. Tell your health care provider about it for proper treatment.

 

The bottom line

Pregnancy is one of the most delicate and sensitive times for a woman and she is prone to many health problems during pregnancy. A lot of the health problems during pregnancy begin from the second trimester as the baby starts growing physically and requires lots of room.

 

It means some of the internal organs need o slightly shift to accommodate the growing baby. Most of the rare pregnancy complications go away after delivery so get enough rest, eat well and exercise.

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